Knowing Hangzhou


  • The Best Tourism City of China jointly certificated by the United Nations World Tourism Organization and National Tourism Administration, 2006
  • UN-Habitat Scroll of Honour Awards Winner certificated by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, 2001
  • International Garden City certificated by International Federation of Parks and Recreation Administration, 2002
  • Best Investment Environment Cities of China certificated by the World Bank (2004, '05, '06, '07, 08)
  • Forbes Top Cities for Doing Business on the Chinese Mainland (2004, '05, '06, '07, '08)
  • Oriental Outlook China's Happiest City (2004, '05, '06, '07, '08)
  • CCTV A Famous Chinese City That Should Be Introduced to the World, 2008

City Symbol

The symbol of Hangzhou is filled with meaning. It is the artistic form of the Chinese character Hang (as in Hangzhou) inscribed as a Chinese seal character. It integrates a boat, town, structure, gardening and an arched bridge symbolizing this water-based city. The symbol, with a silhouette featuring the Three Pools Mirroring the Moon (one of Hangzhou's famous scenic sites) on its right side, vividly portrays the flavour of Hangzhou's South China culture.

City Tree and Flower

The camphor tree (of East Asia) and osmanthus flower, two kinds of sweet plants, were chosen as the city tree and flower by Hangzhou's residents. Appreciated for its aesthetic appeal in gardening, the camphor tree was important in the practice of fengshui and in commemorating ancestors in ancient Chinese culture; it symbolizes long life and happiness. Planting osmanthus flowers in Hangzhou has a history of nearly 1,000 years, with the flowers of Manjuelong the most famous. "Sweet Osmanthus Rain at Manjuelong Village" is considered one of the "New Top Ten Sceneries of West Lake."

With an exciting and event-filled history of more than 2,000 years since Hangzhou's founding during the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), during which the city often served as a capital or a key city, this ancient city elevated its special blend of classical Chinese culture and economic and commercial life to spectacular peaks.

The tradition continues today: Hangzhou has an enviable transportation system making surface or air travel easy for business or pleasure; unparalleled ease can be found in its logistics system, whether shipping by land, sea or air. Because of these advances - the fruit of 30 years of reform and opening, which is being augmented by the day - Hangzhou's fortunes and those of its residents and businesses are growing; dreams are being realized at all levels of society. Improved communications are resulting in even more and wider exchanges, both globally and in China, of thoughts and ideas that will lead to even greater innovations and progress, just as in days gone by when Marco Polo described Hangzhou as the "most splendid and heavenly city in the world.